In our last Literature classes, we’ve been working with the prologue of Romeo and Juliet. This is how we translated it from old english to modern english.
|Two households, both alike in dignity,|
|Two families, both from the same social rank|
|In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,|
|in beautiful Verona, where our scene occurs|
|From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,|
|From old bitterness that breaks into violence|
|Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.|
|Where normal people become murderers|
|From forth the fatal loins of these two foes|
|From the two families that brought death to their children|
|A pair of star-crossed lovers take their life,|
|a couple that fell in love and committed suicide|
|Whose misadventured piteous overthrows|
|Their unfortunate, pitiful death|
|Doth with their death bury their parents’ strife.|
|Bury their parents quarrel and anger.|
|The fearful passage of their death-mark’d love,|
|The sad/doomed story of their unfortunate love,|
|And the continuance of their parents’ rage,|
|And the persistence of their parents anger,|
|Which, but their children’s end, naught could remove,|
|which only their children’s death could remove,|
|Is now the two hours’ traffic of our stage.|
|will be presented in the following two hours in the stage|
|The which if you with patient ears attend|
|Which you have to listen very carefully|
|What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.|
|What here is missed out, our hard work will make our mistakes right.|
This are some questions we anwered:
- How many lines does the prologue have? A piece of writing with this rhyme pattern and number of syllables and lines is called a Sonnet. Find more characteristics of sonnets.
- The prologue has 14 lines.
- Characteristics of sonnets:
- they have 14 lines which are separated in 3 quatrains and a final couplet.
- this is their structure: ABAB CDCD EFEF GG, meaning there’s a rhyme every two lines
- The final message is in the couplet.
- Which lines rhyme with each other? (Give the line numbers and the rhyming words, e.g line 1 rhymes with line 3; ‘dignity’ and ‘mutiny’)
- Line 1 rhymes with line 3, line 2 with 4, 5 with 7, 6 with 8, 9 with 11, 10 with 12 and 13 with 14 (couplet).
- Use a coloured pen to highlight all the words to do with love.
The answer is in light-blue.
- Use a different coloured pen to highlight all the words to do with violence.
The answer is in yellow.
- Use another colour to highlight the words to do with family.
The answer is in red.